By Reason or by Force 2017
Aluminium-Bronze Chilean Pesos (CLP), train tracks, train

Chilean Pesos inscribed with the national motto Por la razón o la fuerza (By Reason or by Force) along its outer border were placed on top of a railroad track in front of an abandoned station located in the town of Batuco and flatten by the weight of a fully loaded train filled with waste on its way from Santiago to the south of Chile.

Por la razón o la fuerza (By Reason or by Force) dates back to 1812 and the wars of independence. Our own "political correctness" inclines us to reject it because it sounds bellicose and authoritarian. However, this was not the original intent of the founding fathers of Latin American Republics–self-made men that were guided by the principles of the European Enlightenment. For them, the goal of national independence was a just and rational objective. If it were not possible to attain it by persuasion, then the force of arms would definitely earn it.

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