By Reason or by Force 2017
Train, train tracks, train-pressed Aluminium-Bronze Chilean Pesos (CLP), photographs, single-channel video, color, sound

Chilean Pesos inscribed with the national motto Por la razón o la fuerza (By Reason or by Force) along its outer border were placed on top of a railroad track in front of an abandoned station located in the town of Batuco, and flatten by the weight of a fully-loaded train filled with waste on its way from Santiago to the south of Chile.

Por la razón o la fuerza (By Reason or by Force) dates back to 1812 and the wars of independence. Our own "political correctness" inclines us to reject it because it sounds bellicose and authoritarian. However, this was supposedly not the original intent of the founding fathers of Latin American Republics–self-made men that were guided by the principles of the European Enlightenment. For them, the goal of national independence was a just and rational objective. If it were not possible to attain it by persuasion, then the force of arms would definitely earn it.