Lost in Translation 2020
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The long and short scales are two of several large-number naming systems for integer powers of ten that use the same words with different meanings. The long scale is based on powers of one million (1,000,000), whereas the short scale is based on powers of one thousand (1,000).

Both systems fail to have the same meaning or effectiveness when it is translated into another language. The confusion comes if we talk about billions, the term in English, or billions, the term in Spanish. The billion of the English-speaking countries is equal to 1,000 million in Spanish, while, the billions in Spanish are equivalent to a million million in English. Adding to the confusion is that both systems before reaching the trillion or the billion are the same.

The Royal Spanish Academy has mentioned in the Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of Doubts that the term "billion" is ambiguous in Puerto Rico, and although it should not be so, it's considered by the Royal Spanish Academy as barbarism due to its current state of association with the United States.




The New Times 2020
Computer-generated image, color, no sound
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Jitters and jolts of polychromatic noise at intervals within the average person's attention span disrupt the viewer's awareness about digital media consumption while raising questions regarding aesthetics, the economic logic of the internet, and the social and political paradigms of control.