Victoria Sobre El Sol (Victory Over The Sun) 2017
Camera: Pablo López Monzón
Assistance: Jorge Linares & Marlov Barrios
Special Thanks: Josseline Pinto (Manifesto Espacio)

A found mirror was used to reflect the intense summer sun onto the Coat of Arms found on the facades of three government buildings located in Guatemala City: Palacio de la Policía Nacional (Palace of the National Civil Police), Palacio de Comunicaciones (Palace of Communications) and Palacio Nacional de la Cultura (National Palace of Culture); built by indigenous workers forced to work under the Ley de Vagancia (Vagrancy Law) during Jorge Ubico Castañeda authoritarian rule (1931-1944), for very low wages or without pay. Ubico, nicknamed Number Five (based on the letters of his name) or Central America's Napoleon, also issued Decree 1816, which exempted landowners from legal consequences should they take violent actions to protect their goods and lands.

During World War II, Jorge Ubico cultivated a close relationship with the United States and was rewarded with tariff reductions and armaments, at the same time, he eliminated all political opposition and democratic activity in Guatemala. On June 22, 1944, he suspended all freedom of speech and the press, the following day he was overthrown by a popular revolt. He fled the country on July 1 and made his home in New Orleans, dying in exile on June 14, 1946.


Victoria Sobre El Sol 2017 
Photo Credit: Pablo López Monzón